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Delhi Under Chokehold

Delhi and NCR is totally engulfed in smog and officials have declared health emergency throughout the city. People are inhaling toxic gas and are facing severe health hazards. Fatal accidents are occurring due to zero visibility and here we all are suffering. The cause of such high toxicity of air is because of crop waste burning in Punjab and Haryana. The Air Quality Index shows the reading crossing 500 which is the highest the scale can measure. An AQI of 300 means very unhealthy.

So what exactly is smog?!

Smog is a mixture of smoke and fog. The mixture is complex and made out of various harmful pollutants like nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, particulate matter and dust particles. These are made up of various industrial waste, vehicle pollutants, open burning and so on. These things mix up and react with sunlight and form a kind of ground-level ozone. This results in the haze we see every day and hangs in cities.

Do's and Don'ts

  • Use public transport and carpooling. 
  • Do not smoke or burn waste like leaves or garbage or even wood and coal.
  • Try to stay indoors and keep windows shut.
  • Avoid taking long walks in the early mornings and late evenings.
  • Consult a doctor immediately if breathlessness or palpitation is felt.
  • Keep the environment clean and healthy as the initiative is necessary to curb this man made mess.
  • If irritation is felt in throat and nose, it is advised to take steam and do warm salt water gargle.
  • Keep children indoors and try not to send them to school.
  • Take special care of people with COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder),  Asthma or any respiratory problems, heart patients, diabetics.
  • Use masks while going out.